Manure Management

The USDA estimates that more than 335 million tons of “dry matter” waste (the portion of waste remaining after water is removed) is produced annually on CAFO (Confined Animal Feeding Operations) farms in the United States, representing almost a third of the total municipal and industrial waste produced every year. Animal waste runoff can impair surface water and groundwater which can affect water quality, public health. It can produce odors, the loss of wildlife habitat, and the depletion of groundwater.

Agricultural pollution (such as sediment and nutrient runoff) is a prime contributor to the nation's water quality problems. This is highlighted by a PBS documentary on poison waters from chicken farms killing the Chesapeake Bay. In Arkansas, the nation's leading poultry producing state, 90 percent of the surface water bodies (statewide) sampled recently by the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology contained fecal coliform counts in excess of the primary contact standards. The waste management of the poultry farms in the state of Arkansas has caused the Oklahoma Attorney General to file suit. While BioStar is neutral in the dispute, the undisputed fact remains that agriculture manure management is problem in the United States.

BioStar Organics, LLP (BioStar) is in business to process CAFO waste as a feedstock to produce organic fertilizer and for energy generation. BioStar has two patent-pending processes for converting organic material, including livestock manure and food waste into a final end product SuperSix Liquid Organic Fertilizer is the first pathogen-free, food safe liquid organic fertilizer listed by OMRI (Organic Materials Review Institute) for use on food for human consumption, lawns and golf courses.

Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic digestion is a century’s old process of converting organic matter into methane and ammonia. Generally performed in lagoons or tanks, anaerobic digestion is the biological treatment of liquid waste using bacteria in the absence of air to promote the decomposition of organic solids. Viable feedstock materials typically include animal manure, food waste and other organic wastes. The anaerobic digestion process works similar to an animal’s natural digestive system, where enzymes break down organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Methane and ammonia are two primary by-products of the process. The methane biogas RNG (Renewable Natural Gas) is used for fuel or, electricity. The resultant nutrient-rich liquid can be pumped onto fields as fertilizer. The methane, a.k.a. biogas, can be used as transportation fuel, natural gas heating, or running through a CHP to generate electricity which can be injected in the interstate pipeline and sold to local utilities.

BioStar’s patent number, US 2013/0283872, is for the concentration of nitrogen into a liquid fertilizer product derived from the effluent from anaerobic digestion. Nitrogen is a compound of ammonia produced by anaerobic digestion, which drives the major value of the fertilizer component of SuperSix. Clean water is also a by-product of BioStar’s nutrient recovery system, reducing water pollution in the surrounding ecosystem.

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Graphic_2

For additional information, please view the BioStar Organics Waste-to-Fertilizer and Energy Process video at https://biostarrenewables.com/waste-to-fertilizer/

Manure Drying

BioStar’s second patent-pending,10,023,501 is to concentrate the nitrogen into OMRI listed SuperSix liquid fertilizer from Perfect Blend’s patented manure drying process. BioStar captures the moisture from the drying process, cleans and concentrates the nitrogen such that granular fertilizer and SuperSix are the only two by-products of the process.

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manure_dryer_graphic

For additional information, please view the Perfect Blend Research, Development and Manufacturing video at http://www.perfect-blend.com/PerfectBlend-high.wmv

While the production processes are different, both processes produce BioStar’s SuperSix Product, the first “certified” liquid organic fertilizer in the industry to attain a 6% or higher plant-available nitrogen in the form of NH4.